Irregular Verbs in Spoken Arabic: to give

Conjugation for the irregular verb for ‘give’ in Spoken Arabic in Hijazi Arabic and and Levantine Arabic. Note that in Egyptian Arabic another verb is used.

Perfect

/aʕṭa/

/aʕṭat/

/aʕṭu/

/aʕṭa/

/aʕṭat/

/aʕṭu/

he

she

they

/aʕṭeet/

/aʕṭeeti/

/aʕṭeetu/

/aʕṭeet/

/aʕṭeeti/

/aʕṭeetu/

you (m)

you (f)

you (p)

/aʕṭeet/

/aʕṭeena/

/aʕṭeet/

/aʕṭeena/

I

we

Imperfect

/yiʕṭi/

/tiʕṭi/

/yiʕṭu/

/byaʕṭi/

/btaʕṭi/

/byaʕṭu/

he

she

they

/tiʕṭi/

/tiʕṭi/

/tiʕṭu/

/btaʕṭi/

/btaʕṭi/

/btaʕṭu/

you (m)

you (f)

you (p)

/aʕṭi/

/niʕṭi/

/baʕṭi/

/mnaʕṭi/

I

we

 

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Possessives in Iberian Languages

A comparative list of possessives in Portuguese, Galician, Spanish and Catalan.

meu

meus

minha

minhas

meu

meus

miña

miñas

mío

míos

mía

mías

meu

meus

mevas

meves

teu

teus

tua

tuas

teu

teus

túa

túas

tuyo

tuyos

tuya

tuyas

teu

teus

teva

tevas

seu

seus

sua

suas

seu

seus

súa

súas

suyo

suyos

suya

suyas

seu

seus

seva

seves

nosso

nossos

nossa

nossas

noso

nosos

nosa

nosas

nuestro

nuestos

nuestra

nuestras

nostre

nostra

nostres

vosso

vossos

vossa

vossas

voso

vosos

vosa

vosas

vuestro

vuestos

vuestra

vuestras

vostre

vostra

vostres

Modern Written Arabic

Introduction

The Language

Within the Arabic speaking world there is considerable dialect diversity. In addition to the colloquial dialects, there is a superposed literary language which can be roughly divided into three historical periods: (1) Classical Arabic, approximately spanning the sixth through eighth centuries, characterized by the dominant influence of Arabs themselves (politically and culturally, including the literary output), and most notably including pre-Islamic poetry, the Koran, and the early Islamic literature; (2) Medieval Arabic, continuing up through much of the Nineteenth Century, characterized by a codified grammar and the predominant influence of non-Arab writers, and culminating in a long period of declining social and political importance; and (3) Modern Written Arabic, reflecting a renaissance in Arab self-consciousness and certain very notable trends toward breaking with the traditional forms and ideals.

Thus, in the Arab world today, Modern Written Arabic has no native speakers, is rather specialized in function as the vehicle of literary expression within Arab society, is of high prestige as the modern counterpart of a highly esteemed literary language of thirteen centuries duration, and has had a long history of painstaking, thorough grammatical study. It has, in addition, a number of grammatical categories not present in the colloquials.

Resource: Foreign Service Institute Modern Written Arabic

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Demonstratives in Iberian Languages

A comparative list of demonstratives in Portuguese, Galician, Spanish and Catalan.

êste

êsta

êstes

êstas

este

esta

estes

estas

éste

ésta

éstos

éstas

aquest

aquesta

aquests

aquestes

êsse

êssa

êsses

êssas

ese

esa

eses

esas

ése

ésa

ésos

ésas

aquell

aquella

aquells

aquelles

aquele

aquela

aqueles

aquelas

aquel

aquela

aqueles

aquelas

aquél

aquélla

aquéllos

aquélla

isto

isso

isto

iso

esto

eso

això

allò

aquilo

aquilo

aquello